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Fluoride - Evidence

Reference List

Since 1997 the following reviews have been conducted concerning water fluoridation:

Health Canada. Findings and Recommendations of the Fluoride Expert Panel (January 2007). 2008.

McDonagh, M S, et al. Systematic review of water fluoridation. Br Med J 2000, 321: 855-859.

Government of Ireland. Forum on Fluoridation. Dublin, Ireland: Stationery Office, Government Publications, 2002.

National Health and Medical Research Council. Review of Water Fluoridation and Fluoride Intake from Discretionary Fluoride Supplements. Melbourne, Australia: NHMRC, 1999.

National Health and Medical Research Council. A Systematic Review of the Efficacy and Safety of Fluoridation, Part A: Review Methodology and Results. Australian Government, 2007.

Health Canada. Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality: Fluoride Guideline Technical Document. Environmental and Workplace Health, Prepared by the Federal-Provincial-Territorial Committee on Health and the Environment. December 2010.

Whiting, P, McDonagh, M and Kleijnen, J. Association of Down’s Syndrome and Water Fluoride Level: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. BMC Public Health 2001, 1(1)

Truman, B I, et al. Reviews of Evidence on Interventions to Prevent Dental Caries, Oral and Pharyngeal Cancers, and Sports-related Craniofacial Injuries. Am J Prev Med 2002, 23(Suppl 1): 21S-54S

National Research Council. Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards Committee on Fluoride in Drinking Water, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2006

Locker D. Benefits and Risks of Water Fluoridation: An Update of the 1996 Federal-Provincial Sub-committee Report. Community Dental Health Services Research Unit Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, November 1999.

Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies. Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies on a Request From the Commission Related to the Tolerable Upper Intake Level of Fluoride (Request no. EFSA-Q-2003-018). Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies, 2005. 81

United Kingdom Medical Research Council. Water Fluoridation and Health. United Kingdom Medical Research Council 2002. [Cited: October 20, 2011] 

National Academy Press. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, 1999.

Lepo, J E and Snyder, R AImpact of Fluoridation of Municipal Drinking Water Supply: Review of the Literature. Escambia County Utilities Authority, 2000. [Cited: October 29, 2011] 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommendations for Using Fluoride to Prevent and Control Dental Caries in the United States. MMWR 2001; 50(RR14):1-42

Calgary Regional Health Authority Expert Panel for Water Fluoridation Review. Report of the Expert Panel for Water Fluoridation Review. Calgary Regional Health Authority, 1998

Fort Collins Fluoride Technical Study Group. Report of the Fort Collins Fluoride Technical Study Group. Fort Collins, Colorado, April 2003. [Cited: November 6, 2011] 

Levy M and Corbeil, F. (2007) Water Fluoridation: An Analysis of the Health Benefits and Risks. Institut National de Sante Publique Du Quebec, 2007. [Cited: November 6, 2011]